Occupational Stress among Nurses of Tertiary Care Hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan

Badil Badil, Hakim Shah, Raza-Ur- Rehman, Syed Arif Ali, Arsalan Siddiqui

Abstract


Objectives: Stress is physiological and psychological response towards any occurrences. It is very much vital to learn about occupational stress because as it deters health and decreases the quality of work of nurses. The main objective was to determine prevalence, intensity and causes of occupational stress among nurses. Materials & Methods: Hospital based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from January to November 2015 at two tertiary care teaching hospitals of Karachi. The study was carried out on 265 registered nurses, having valid license by Pakistan Nursing Council. Convenient nonprobability method was used to access subjects. After taking consent, semi-structured and pre-tested occupational stress questionnaire was used to obtain the data. Data was entered and analyzed in SPSS version 21. Results: The study results revealed that majority of nurses 125 (47.2%) were between 25 to 30 years of age. Maximum ratio of nurses were female 160(60.4%) and out of them 148(55.8%) were married. Two hundred and one (75.8%) were diploma holders in nursing, while only 2(0.8%) had done their master in nursing. The study participants reported to suffer with job related stress; mild stress 2.0%, moderate stress 36.5% and severe 61.5%. Conclusion: The current research paper gave an awareness of problem related to occupational stress among Nurses at tertiary care hospitals. The study outcomes established conclusively that an overwhelming portion of nurses’ population, setting their demographic characteristic aside faced moderate or severe job stress that may cause damaging effect on their professional, inter-personal skills, and social accountabilities.

Keywords


Nurses, stress, occupational stress, tertiary care hospitals, Pakistan

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