Significance of Actually Drawing Microscopic Images and Its Impact on Students’ Understanding of Histology

Aisha Rafi, Ayesha Rauf, Muhammad Idrees Anwar


Objective: To explore the impact of drawing on students’ understanding of histology. To determine
if students who draw images can score better than those who do not.
Study design: Quasi experimental.
Place and duration of study: Histology Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Shifa College of Medicine,
Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, from January 2017 to September 2017.
Methods: This histological study was carried out during the Endocrinology and reproduction module
(ENR) in January, 2017. There students were divided into two groups, A and B of 50 students assigned
by random sampling. During the first half of the module Group A drew the microscopic image of the
slide in the practical notebook as a normal practice. Group B was shown images only and the task of
drawing the images in the practical note book was excluded. At the end of four weeks MCQ paper
of 50 questions of higher order thinking to check their concepts of applied histology was given to
students. For the next half of the module the groups were flipped over by a cross-over design and
Group A only saw the microscopic image and Group B drew the histological image. A second test of
MCQs of higher level of application of knowledge was given at the end of four weeks.
Results: Analysis of data showed that there is no statistically significant difference between the mean
scores obtained by the drawing group and non-drawing group (p>0.05) in both test I and test II.
However there is a statistically significant difference in the mean scores of the same group when they
draw the microscopic image and when they do not (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Drawing microscopic images has a positive impact on learning. The traditional teaching
strategy for histology should be explored further by research to help curriculum planners to include
drawing of images in the teaching of histology


Traditional histology teaching, drawing microscopic images.

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