Self Reported Halitosis, Oral Hygiene Practices, Medical Conditions and Habits in OPD Patients of a Government Sector Institute in Karachi

Hina Taufeeq, Rizwan Nadim, Kashif Aslam, Shazia Akbar Ansari


Objective: To compare the difference of response in male and female patients associated with halitosis
in relation to factors such as self reported halitosis, oral hygiene practices, medical conditions and
Methods: A cross section study was conducted at the OPD of a government sector institute Karachi.
Samples of 400 participants were enrolled in the study. Data was collected through a formulated
questionnaire and palm test. Statistically significant difference between males and females with respect
to different factors was detected by Chi square test.
Results: Factors which showed statistically significant result were “did you notice bad breath” (table1).
“Tongue coated with deposits” brushing teeth everyday”, “use of mouthwash and floss everyday”
(table 2). In table 3 “respiratory” and “GIT problems” were statistically significant while in table 4
only “mouth breathing” habit was statistically insignificant.
Conclusion: Halitosis itself produces symptoms which could affect the social and personal interaction.


self reported halitosis, caries, oral hygiene practices, dental factors, and malodour

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